Fetal Microcephaly

Microcephaly is a condition characterized by a baby’s brain growth slowing down or stopping in the womb, or, after delivery. This can result in an infant having a much smaller head than other babies, and in many cases, can also lead to developmental delays.

If your child is diagnosed with this condition, they will require lifelong medical care. At the SSM Health Cardinal Glennon St. Louis Fetal Care Institute we specialize in fetal anomalies and are available to help you. Whether your child is facing potential brain and spinal issues or skeletal and limb problems, we will find the best solutions for your baby, using the most advanced technologies and clinical expertise.

To see a specialist at the Cardinal Glennon St. Louis Fetal Care Institute, schedule an appointment by calling their facility at 314-268-4037 or talk to your doctor about a referral.

While there is no cure for microcephaly, with the right care, children with this condition can continue to develop and thrive.

How is Microcephaly Diagnosed?

Microcephaly is often detected through a prenatal ultrasound, and is usually not obvious until the third trimester. It may also develop during a child’s infancy.

What Causes Microcephaly?

A child can develop microcephaly in a mother’s womb (congenital) or later on in their infancy. Factors that cause a baby’s brain to stop growing in utero, include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Exposure to the Zika virus
  • Severe maternal malnutrition
  • Chromosomal abnormality
  • Maternal alcohol or drug use
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Interruption of the blood supply to the baby's brain

Causes of Microcephaly in Infants

  • Genetic mutations
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Lack of oxygen to the brain
  • An infection in the brain

Knowing the cause is helpful in predicting the type of complications a child will experience. For example, microcephaly due to prenatal infections such as the Zika virus can cause hearing and vision problems. On the other hand, some forms of microcephaly are linked with severe developmental delay or a high risk for seizures.

Managing Microcephaly

There is no cure for microcephaly. Rather the goal of treatment is managing your child’s comfort and maximizing their capabilities at home and in their world.

In 15% of cases, children with microcephaly have normal intelligence, and won’t require any treatment apart from routine exams. However, if your child has complications such as seizures and facial deformities, we will treat their specific needs, customizing a care plan to improve their overall well-being.

Developmental therapies we may recommend are:

  • Physical therapy to help body
  • Occupational therapy to increase confidence in performing day-to-day tasks
  • Speech therapy to help improve language, voice and swallowing skills
  • Psychological counseling to boost self-esteem and an understanding of their medical condition
  • Medication to control seizures, hyperactivity, or other problems

To learn more about how we can help, call the Cardinal Glennon St. Louis Fetal Care Institute at 877-776-3385.

While we can’t change the diagnosis, we can provide you the care and compassion you seek, helping you and your child get the most out of life no matter what.

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